ASCC Art Department and NPS Collaborate on Siapo Mamanu
April 12, 2016
On Thursday, April 7th, as part of a collaborative project with the National Park of American Samoa (NPSA), the American Samoa Community College (ASCC) Art Department unveiled a new eight foot by eight foot Siapo Mamanu, the largest siapo in this style to be created since 2000. The siapo is the work of students in the class Indigenous Art Forms (ART 161), under the direction of ASCC visual artist Reggie Meredith-Fitiao and Master Practitioner Su’a Fitiao Tupuola Wilson.
“This Siapo Mamanu will become a permanent part of our visitor center,” explained NPSA Chief of Interpretation and Education Michael Larson. “This will allow local and off-island visitors an opportunity to not only enjoy it, but also to learn about its importance in the Samoan culture as well as the incredible effort and creative process that went into making it.” A fine mat and woodcarving from the ASCC Art Department will also be showcased at the NPS visitor center. Larson attended Thursday’s unveiling ceremony along with NPSA personnel Scott Burch, Superintendent; Pai Aukuso, Park Ranger; and Eymard Bangcoro, Visual Information Specialist.
The traditional methods used to make the siapo included the layering and adhering of the u'a (bark), collection and making of the natural dyes, and the applying of the Samoan mamanu or patterns painted in the freehand style using a paogo (pandanus key). Participating student artists Puataunofo Tofaeono, Warren King, Loimata Siona, Shalina Prescott, and Queen-Grace Tiumalu spent eight weeks over the current semester bringing the project from preparation to completion. Siapo making is one of three Samoan traditional practices taught in ART 161, along with fine mat weaving and woodcarving.
"Working with the National Park on this project has been positive from the beginning,” said Meredith-Fitiao. “Students in ART 161 have been immersed in traditional practices and ancestral methods of creating art, which I believe has been very meaningful to them as recipients of the knowledge, and also to those of us who have the privilege to share it. The National Park's vision to see the importance of our material culture and the passing on of this knowledge to our young artists is a key component to the project, and we are very grateful."
Meredith-Fitiao recalled that the last Siapo Mamanu of a comparable size was created in 2000 by a team that included Marylyn Pritchard Walker and Adeline Pritchard Jones, daughters of master siapo maker Mary Jewett Pritchard. “Auntie Mary and her daughters have passed on,” said Meredith-Fitiao, “but Su’a and I were both students of Auntie Mary, and we’re proud to trace the lineage of this work back to her.”
“We are very excited to partner with ASCC to share these important traditional practices,” added Larson. “One of the reasons the National Park of American Samoa was established is to preserve, protect, and perpetuate the Samoan culture, and to ensure that its traditions don't become practices of the past, but will continue through teaching, especially to the youth.” The project is also part of the National Park of American Samoa's celebration of the centennial of the National Park Service. NPSA is one of the 410 National Park sites throughout the United States and its territories. To contact the National Park of American Samoa, call 633-7082.